Dehydration can be defined as the process where the human body loses more fluid than it takes in or retains. The normal content of water in the body should not get reduced. This is because the reduction would upset the balance of the minerals in the body. For instance, salts and sugar. This imbalance consequently interrupts the body’s functionality. The ways to tell if an individual is dehydrated is communicated through the manifestation of certain symptoms. These symptoms are included in the discussion below.
Signs and symptoms of dehydration
Dehydration prevents the body from making adequate saliva. In essence, saliva contains antibacterial properties. If an individual is not producing as much saliva as it is required, there will be bacteria overgrowth in the mouth. A side effect of inadequate saliva is having bad breath. Taking water ensures the prevention of bad breath.
When an individual fails to have the required intake of water, this results in dry skin. When they are pinched, the skin of that dehydrated individual may remain tented. This simply means it takes more time than the usual to get back to its normal, flat appearance. The skin of a dehydrated individual may appear flushed as well. This results in very dry skin.
Being dehydrated results in muscle cramps. If an individual experiences these muscle cramps while exercising, particularly in hot weather, it is a high indication of dehydration. The cramps are a direct impact of the pure heat effect on the muscles. In the process of working harder progressively, the muscles seize up from the heat being produced. Moreover, changes in the electrolytes lead to cramping. For example, potassium and sodium. Dehydration can also occur in cooler weather If the individual does not take adequate water while doing workouts. Dehydration has the same risks, despite the outside temperatures.
Fever and chills
If an individual’s body is severely dehydrated, he or she may experience fever and chills. Fever can make the dehydration worse. The higher the Fever, the more dehydrated the individual may get. For instance in infants, dehydration fever may come up as a result of diarrhea, vomiting or minimal fluid intake. Adults who get a fever should seek medical attention if the body temperature reaches 103°F.
When an individual is dehydrated, they usually get food cravings, especially for sweets. In this state, it is difficult for organs like the liver to release glycogen because the process requires water. This leads to the cravings because the body needs the water, which it is lacking.